At the time of Jeff Kidder's service in the Arizona Rangers, they would have fallen under the territorial government, and were not a part of the U.S. military. The formation of the Rangers was done to clear the territory of much of the crime that was prevalent at the time to make it more appealing to families headed west, and justify statehood. While most Rangers did have military experience prior to and after their time with the Rangers, many of them associated with Theodore Roosevelt's Rough Riders, Jeff Kidder led a civilian life until joining the Rangers in 1903.
                             (Reprinted with permission of Msgt. J.R. Varju )